Convert it to a smart object
Then go to Image Adjustments Treshold
Drag the slider so that you see some details in your image
Add a new layer and make your background white. I used the lasso and filled the selection(s) with white
Next step is to add color to the image. There are many ways to do that. We use a Gradient Map adjustment layer. Choose the default Black to white gradient and change the colors like you want.
Now we gonna add a pattern to this image by adding a pattern fill layer.
Click Ok and choose a pattern.If you don't have a good pattern you can load a new pattern. There are tons of patterns on the internet, for example on https://www.brusheezy.com.
Set your blending mode to multiply and if its too strong lower your opacity.
And here is the result.
You always can change things and add a for example a Hue and Saturation Adjustment Layer to change the color of your image.
picture from pixabay.com